CSS for MLA and APA Style Works Cited Entries

This is a useful bit of CSS I came across for getting the hanging indent working correctly for Works Cited or Reference entries in HTML. Here’s the CSS:

p.reference {
padding-left: 2em;
text-indent: -2em;

Now the HTML, for example:

<p class="reference">Sturluson, Snorri. <em>The Prose Edda: Norse Mythology</em>. Trans. Byock, Jesse L. London: Penguin, 2005. Print.</p>
<p class="reference">Tennyson, Alfred Lord. <em>Idylls of the King</em>. New York, New York: Penguin Putman Inc, 1983. Print.</p>


Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda: Norse Mythology. Trans. Byock, Jesse L. London: Penguin, 2005. Print.

Tennyson, Alfred Lord. Idylls of the King. New York, New York: Penguin Putman Inc, 1983. Print.

Alternatively, you can do this styling in-line with your

tags as follows:

<p style=”padding-left: 2em; text-indent: -2em;”>Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda: <em>Norse  Mythology</em>. Trans. Byock, Jesse L. London: Penguin, 2005. Print.</p>

And you still end up with …

Sturluson, Snorri. The Prose Edda: Norse Mythology. Trans. Byock, Jesse L. London: Penguin, 2005. Print.

Thanks to the work done on this page for the help here. Happy trails :)

The Media Debate is Fresh

The Media Debate is Fresh

Trends in Educational Technology, Journals #6-7

Initially, Richard Clark’s (1994) argument seems to be in line with my own argument regarding Fresno State’s tablet initiative. Clark writes that “media are mere vehicles that deliver instruction but do not influence student achievement any more than the truck that delivers our groceries causes changes in our nutrition” (p. 22). This is exactly what I mean to point out and is at the heart of my critique of DISCOVERe thus far: there’s too much focus on the grocery truck and not the nutrition itself. But the core of this argument is that the wide variety of media carries with it no distinct effects on learning; in other words, regardless of the type of vehicle delivering the groceries, no one type of vehicle alters the groceries in a way that’s different from any other vehicle (p. 22). With the technology and media available during the 1980s when Clark first argued these points, I find myself on board with this, though readily admit having very little literacy in Clark’s work. However, my initial reaction from a 2014-15 perspective is to think about Moore’s Law and the exponential increase of technological power over time. Today, the smart phone in the palm of my hand is exponentially more powerful than the most sophisticated computers from the era of Clark’s original arguments. So in light of the vastly more complicated spectrum of available media and technology (along with new ways to interact with that technology and media), I’m not so sure that we can say that there isn’t a single media that doesn’t have its own unique effects on learning.

The Media Debate has had a weighty impact on my ideas of high technology and its relationship to learning. Though I’m partly finding myself in agreement with Clark—that media is merely a delivery device for instruction—and I find his metaphors of the grocery delivery truck not affecting the nutrition of the food it’s delivering and the form of medication not affecting the healing power of the medicine rather convincing, I believe that metaphor is now past its expiration date (p. 22, 26). Decades after the initial media debate, high technology has become exponentially more powerful—the delivery trucks of 2014 are so vastly different than those of 1994. Clark’s metaphor struggles to keep pace for the simple reason that today’s delivery devices are no longer single-function devices.

This is the new media debate: high technology of the new millennium alters learning experiences altogether. Personal computing devices such as smart phones, tablets, laptops, and desktop computers are multi-function devices that are changing the landscape of learning. They search for and find data; they consume data; they manipulate and interpret data; they record and generate new data. These are new trucks whose functions both include and transcend mere delivery of goods. Additionally, as Dempsey & Van Eck (2012) suggest, the Internet highway is an altogether new highway on which these trucks may drive (p. 281-82); as such, the rules of the road have evolved. So when it comes to this business of whether or not we should implement new technology in curriculum, the response cannot be as easy as the “mere-delivery device” arguments of the past. Multi-function devices are more than mere points of access for instructional materials. Thus I share Dempsey & Van Eck’s (2012) view when they claim that “we are not just ‘adding’ technology; we are changing the very nature of the learning experience” (p. 284).


Clark, R. (1994). Media will never influence learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 42(2), 21-29.

Dempsey, J., & Van Eck, R. (2012). E-Learning and Instructional Design. In R. Reiser & J. Dempsey (Eds.), Trends and issues in instructional design and technology (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Video on Instagram and Android: Some Devices Out of Touch

Samsung Galaxy S2 Epic Touch Not Currently Working with Instagram Video

Edit: There is a workaround

To the excitement and cheer of photo fans around the globe, Instagram recently announced their brand new video capture feature in an obvious attempt for the Facebook-owned company to strike back at the Twitter-owned Vine app which has featured short video capture and sharing for several months (at least on iOS). instainstallUnfortunately, despite having installed the most current version of Instagram on my Galaxy S II Epic Touch, the video for Instagram feature does not seem to be working. At all. It’s as if the app doesn’t know the feature is supposed to be there. instascreenshotAccording to the “Video on Instagram” help page on help.instagram.com, users should be prompted to switch to video mode after they press the blue capture icon at the bottom of the app. I was dismayed when I attempted to do this only to be prompted, as usual, to choose between my regular camera or my existing photo gallery as the source for the new share on Instagram. I thought that perhaps my version of Android may have been an issue, so I checked around Instagram for compatibility. Oddly enough, Video on Instagram only requires Android version 4.1 or later. Most Samsung Galaxy S II users have updated from androidversionAndroid Ice Cream Sandwich to Jelly Bean (first released in Android 4.1, now up to 4.2) by now, myself included, so as long as we Galaxy S II users are running Jelly Bean, Video on Instagram should work. Alas, it looks like there are still some bugs to be worked out or further updates needed.

Now this is by no means a rant against Instagram, Android, or Samsung. I’m simply chronicling my difficulties. In fact, I fully intend on purchasing a Galaxy S 4 once my plan allows for upgrade benefits, and according to a recent blog by the folks over at Latinos Post, Android 4.2.2 is the last update the Galaxy S 2 will be seeing from Samsung, so the time to upgrade is nigh; I just hope I don’t have to wait to use Video on Instagram until then.

EDIT: Video on Instagram actually does work with the Samsung Galaxy S 2 Epic Touch! Configuring Instagram to “Use Instagram’s Advanced Camera” will allow you to capture and share video. Do this under Options > Advanced Features.

Instagram Options | Advanced Features
Instagram Options | Advanced Features

Being a Modern-Day Renaissance Man Means Being a Professional Schizophrenic

For years I procrastinated on creating a home page for myself, and for the longest time, I could not quite articulate why. I’ve long had the technical knowledge to do it, and, being a photographer, I could have certainly borrowed concepts from that art form and muddled through site layout and design. Being a writer, coming up with all of the copy text in order to communicate what my home page was all about would be an easy task. Being a musician, I always thought it would be fun (and effective) to bring the web to life with sounds and music in a way that was tasteful, not distracting. The problem is really in my answers though: being, being, and being. And I still struggle with this.

Any time I’ve tried to come up with a home page for myself, I could seem to figure out what I wanted it to do in order to be representative of me and what I do. Do I want my home page to help me advertise my photography and sell services and prints? Yeah, I want that. Do I want my home page to help me advertise my music, to promote and to sell it? Yeah, I want that. Do I want my home page to advertise, to promote, and to share my writing? Yeah, I want that. What about having a portal for people to connect with me on social networks and YouTube? Yeah! I want that, too! So how do I come up with a single, professional website that can unite these various artforms and services into one focused front? This is where I begin to feel like a professional schizophrenic. Should I split these artistic personalities into distinct entities or attempt to integrate them into one web-personality?

The best answer I’ve come up with is the use of subdomains. I presently run my personal blog through blog.jeremiahhenry.com (as you can see), and I’ve had thoughts to expand on that idea and push my photography through photography.jeremiahhenry.com. If I ever want to move forward with the music side of things, I can always work with music.jeremiahhenry.com, and it wouldn’t be difficult to move any of these subdomains to a proper www.mydomainname.com if they really commercially took off.

Out of the Ash

Out of the Ash Writers’ Guild

This is something I’ve been wanting to do for a while now. I have no idea how well it will catch on, but I’m hoping some local writers, not limited to existing personal friends of mine, will take interest in this. The idea is pretty simple, yet it could go a long way toward making the emerging voices of Fresno even stronger.

Aside from that, it feels really good to continue to utilize my web host. It’s been a while since I’ve worked with the phpBB system. Like wordpress, you’ve gotta love open source freeware.

A Customer Service Success Story

There have been quite a number of big name firms that had received bad press over the last several months, and Netflix was among them. The trouble with Netflix that most people heard was with regard to a modest price increase for their service. In fact, according to an article written on readwriteweb.com, in the months following said announcement from Netflix, they lost over 800,000 subscribers. While the price increase annoyed me, like any increase in prices tend to annoy all of us, I was among a smaller group of folks who ran into trouble with Netflix a little bit before this announcement hit the Internet.

After being the victim of a Stage 5 CPU/Motherboard meltdown (that’s geek-code for “computer crash”), I built a new system using the–at the time–brand new Sandy Bridge i5 Core 2400 processor. I went with this processor because it was supposed to be really good with encoding media (helpful for my graphic, sound, and video editing work), and it had this brand new feature that allowed the chips onboard graphics processor to run in-tandem with my external graphics processor…kinda like multiple brains working for the same graphic output. All of that ended up working great. The trouble with Sandy Bridge, however, came in the form of built in (D)igital (R)ights (M)anagement aka DRM. That feature prevented my computer from playing streaming media from Netflix because the hardware thought that I did not have the “right” to play the media, even though I was a legit Netflix subscriber. I called Netflix about it, they said they were aware of the situation but had no fix for it, so with much woe did I relinquish my Netflix subscription. About a month later I followed up with their customer service. The representative said he knew exactly what I was talking about but that there was no pending fix for the issue. At this point, Netflix was a dead leaf on my media tree. Spring came early tonight though, and that tree of media grew a new Netflix leaf.

I called customer service once again. This time, “Jake” answered, and when I explained my previous issue, he politely explained to me that it’s very likely no longer a “Netflix” issue but either a Microsoft Silverlight issue (the software that actually plays the steamed media)Netflix or an Intel issue. Both of us having a strong IT background, we were able to strike up a pretty in-depth dialogue about how this problem came to be and what potential solutions might be. After considering updating software, drivers, etc., I had the thought to disable the Intel based graphics processing unit (iGPU) altogether and just run my computer through my external graphics adapter. He immediately said that he felt that would work and offered to enable my account for another 31 day free trial so that I could troubleshoot it. As it turns out, it worked. My computer now plays streaming media in full HD quality–no annoying error from Silverlight saying that “You do not have the digital rights to play this media!”

I’ll be subscribing after my free trial runs its course. Of the 800,000+ customers Netflix lost, one customer service representative, Jake, won me back. Cheers!

My Web Server

So I’ve had this server sitting around for a few years now, and I’ve always had this splinter of embarrassment in the back of my mind whenever I share my email address with someone. Most of us are clever enough to know that the part in an email address after the @ symbol usually correlates to a website. So… @jeremiahhenry.com has surely led some folks to my site–or lack thereof–only to see a n00bish ASP.NET-driven CSS layout with filler content.

That’s all about to change.

I’ll be in the process of migrating my sites to a new server which will have the latest and greatest version of ASP.NET and should just be faster in general. Meanwhile, I’m learning all of the ropes in Adobe Dreamweaver and hope to have something cool before too long.

On another sentiment altogether, do you know those thin little grass-green flying bugs? The ones with thin wings that fly so quietly that you’d never know they were there if you didn’t see them?

Note to self (and you): never take a drink of your beer without looking at the tip of the bottle first. Those little bastards do not taste very good.
Beer Bug

Who knew…?

I had no idea how incredibly simple it is to install a blog service! I’m quite excited to actually do something with my web host. A fully interactive website is on the way, too! Meanwhile, I plan on using this space to… I have no idea. What reason is there for this sort of thing during the days of Facebook, Twitter, Google+, and so on? I guess we’ll see. One philosophy to which I heartily subscribe is that writing is a process of self-discovery; being a writer, the more avenues I give myself to write (with or without an audience), the better off I am. Right?

Tune in. Subscribe. Enjoy my randomness. I’ll try not to rant too much. I promise ;)

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